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Glossary of Terms

This section explains some of the many terms used to describe building styles.

A...

Attached
Two or more structures joined together by a common wall

Awning
A light or temporary roof with open sides

B...

Balcony
A cantilevered or bracketed platform projecting from a wall with access from an upper storey

Beam
A large horizontal support - may be of solid timber, laminated timber or steel

D...

Dado
The lower part of an internal wall, below chair-rail height, when decorated differently from the upper part.

E...

Eaves
The lower edge of a roof beyond the wall, called close eaves if not projecting far and boxed eaves if lined underneath

G...

Gable
The upper triangular part of an external wall at the end of a double-pitched roof

Gable-roof
A double pitched roof, sloping straight from the ridge to the eaves on two sides, with a gable on the other two sides

P..

Patio
Dictionary term for a paved outdoor living area. The roof or structure over this area is now commonly called the patio.

Pergola
An open trellis like frame attached to a building and / or supported by posts - used for climbing plants.

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